P2P vs GPON Fibre – What’s the Difference?

by | Mar 2, 2020 | Blog, Business Internet, Fibre | 0 comments

Comparing P2P vs GPON fibre internet may not be something you ever expected to be doing. Many people don’t even know there are different classes of fibre internet connection – that’s right, not all fibre internet is created equal! If your business is considering upgrading to a fibre connection hoping for faster speeds, increased security, and complete redundancy then you should understand the different classes of fibre available. 


Think of GPON Fibre as water trickling down a pipe that slowly disperses through different pathways. P2P Fibre is then water that’s travelling through a pump, pushing it with force and speed to its end destination.

GPON Fibre

GPON stands for Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Network, which is a point-to-multipoint infrastructure. The signal is sent through a splitter that fans out the data and shares it between several end users. Pooling fibre bandwidth amongst your neighbours makes it more affordable, but it also has limitations.

GPON Benefits

  • Faster speeds at a relatively cheaper price point
  • Often quicker to implement
  • Flexible installation

GPON Limitations

  • Passive, no full control of bandwidth allocation.
  • Not truly symmetrical. GPON has slower upload speeds.
  • Difficult to update and scale if your business needs more bandwidth in the future.
  • No Quality of Service (QoS) or Class of Service (CoS), unable to prioritize critical data.
  • No SLA or MTTR. Servicing could take days instead of hours.
  • Less secure when all subscribers’ data is sent over the same connection.
  • Scattered connections make it difficult to pinpoint failures.
  • Speeds can slow down during peak usage times.
  • Can’t support speeds over 1Gb.

P2P (Point to Point) Fibre

P2P Fibre is a different type of connection. Each port directly connects to an Optical Network (ONT) that’s located inside your office building. All of the bandwidth is yours, no sharing here!

P2P Benefits

  • No sharing. Enjoy more bandwidth per port and per premise.
  • Fully supports speeds over 1Gb.
  • Truly symmetrical. Upload as fast as you download
  • Future-proofed. Ability to scale your connection in the future.
  • Easy to test, maintain, and fix any faults. 
  • Flexible. Ability to separate services and add individual features with your own switches and routers.
  • SLA and MTTR. Service is guaranteed to stay up and running and repairs are made within hours to minimize downtime.
  • QoS and CoS. Prioritize critical data like voice and video.
  • Ability to utilize Layer 2 and MPLS networks (multi-locations, L2 to offsite backup, direct connection to cloud providers, etc.).

P2P Limitations

  • More expensive to implement.
  • Not always available in rural locations.
  • Potentially longer rollout times.

The Bottom Line

If you’re comparing P2P vs GPON fibre, you’ll probably find that the benefits of P2P fibre completely outweigh the limitations of GPON – especially as you grow.  If you’re finding that your bandwidth is bottlenecking productivity, or you’re just not sure which service would work best for your company – talk to an iTel Fibre expert. We’ll be able to assess your business network needs and find the perfect solution for you.

Contact us today



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